As in humans dog eyes are complicated. Eye disorders are common in veterinary medicine. Simple problems with eyes can morph into large, complex and difficult problems that can pass the point of no return. Here are some common canine eye issues.
- Entropion is when part of the eyelid is rolling inwards. This causes small eyelashes to rub against the cornea of the eye resulting in irritation, pain and damage. Eye discharge, squinting, rubbing the eyes and sensitivity to light are common signs.
- Ectropion is the opposite of entropion. The eyelid rolls out from the eye. The most common sign is droopy lower eyelids.
- Dry eye also known as Keratoconjunctivitis: This is where tear glands don’t produce enough tears or high enough quality tears. It is usually an autoimmune disease at the heart of it which can be treated. Common signs are thick yellow discharge and red eyes. Left alone eventually the resulting corneal damage leads to blindness and loss of the eyes.
- Cataracts: Like humans, cataracts can occur in dogs. Lenses inside of eyes are transparent. If a lens becomes opaque then light cannot penetrate it causing blindness. Mature cataracts are in dogs can appear as a blue marble inside the eye.
- Cherry eye: Dogs have a third eyelid. It’s normally hidden away in the inner corner of the eyelid. The gland of the third eyelid is contained in this lid and can become prolapsed out. When this happens it looks like a red cherry in the corner of the eye. This can be surgically corrected.
Eye issues are common in dogs. Be sure to keep watch over your dog’s eyes and look for any signs of trouble.